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The Book Biological Basis of Sex Differences in Psychopharmacology
The Author Jo C. Neill
The Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date2011-07-20
Genre Medical
Pages 254
ISBN 3642200060
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: Sex matters! Are there differences between the sexes when it comes to brain function and the behaviours that result? This volume attempts to answer this fundamental question. If the answer is ‘yes’ then this should impact upon our approach to treating mental illness in humans, and to modelling it in animals, as we look for aetiological and pharmacological solutions.


The Book Sex Differences in the Brain
The Author Jill B. Becker
The Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date2007-12-04
Genre Medical
Pages 512
ISBN 9780198042556
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: Within the basic and clinical biomedical research community, there is increasing recognition that differences between males and females across the lifespan affect an individual's health, his/her development of disease, signs and symptoms of pathophysiology, and response to therapy. This book is intended as a resource for scientists, clinicians, and students of the nervous system and behavior- a trove of practical information about how to study sex differences in the brain as well as a discussion of what is already known on the topic.


The Book Exploring Gender and Sex Differences in Behavioral Dyscontrol from Drug Addiction to Impulse Control Disorders
The Author Liana Fattore
The Publisher Frontiers Media SA
Release Date2016-04-13
Genre
Pages
ISBN 9782889198337
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: Males and females exhibit discrete attitudes and skills, experience dissimilar emotional and psychological needs, and react differently to peer pressure, lack of self-realization, or other personal and social expectations. In addition, they are differently influenced by family history, and diverge in the perception of self-image and health risks. To complicate the matter on gender dichotomy, male testosterone levels markedly vary over the course of the day, while female levels of sex hormones significantly fluctuate depending upon the menstrual cycle, the pre- or post-menopausal age, and the use of oral contraceptives. All of these factors interact with genetic background and sex hormonal fluctuations, and determine the differences observed in their predisposition to develop an addiction. This term is traditionally associated to the abuse of legal and illegal substances. However, a compulsion toward the engagement in a non-drug-related rewarding behavior, usually involving a natural reward, also activates the brain reward system and engenders persistent behavior, thus resulting in a diminished control over it. These latter behaviors are defined as “behavioral addictions”. This definition encompasses any behavior characterized by the followings: i) feeling of tension or arousal before the action; ii) gratification and/or relief at the time of performing the act; iii) inability to resist an urge or drive even against great obstacles or dangers; iv) absence of consideration for the negative consequences that may affect family, friends, and/or work. As such, behavioral addictions include compulsive food intake and sexual activity, pathological gambling and Internet addiction, excessive exercising, compulsive buying and pyromania. These behaviors, which are often classified as "impulse control disorders", result in actions that are harmful to oneself and/or others, share common features (e.g. compulsiveness, impulsivity, impaired decision-making, craving, tolerance, withdrawal, high rates of relapse), and involve dysfunction of several brain circuits. Derangement from functional neurobiological mechanisms underpinning both sensitivity to reward and inhibitory control can also lead to compulsive behaviors. For instance, pathological gambling and other impulse control disorders (e.g., hypersexuality, compulsive painting, eating and buying) are often reported in Parkinson's disease patients. Gender-dependent differences in the rate of initiation and frequency of misuse of addicting drugs have been widely described. Yet, men and women also differ in their propensity to become addicted to other rewarding stimuli (e.g. sex, food) or activities (e.g. gambling, exercising). The goal of the present Research Topic is to explore and summarize current evidence for gender (and sex) differences not only in drug addiction, but also in other forms of addictive behaviors. Thus, it will include studies showing gender-dependent differences in drug addiction, food addiction, compulsive sexual activity, pathological gambling, Internet addiction and physical exercise addiction. Psychiatric comorbidity, potential risk factors and the underlying neural mechanisms will be also examined, with particular emphasis to the role of sex hormones in modulating addictive and compulsive behaviors.


The Book Women and Addiction
The Author Kathleen T. Brady
The Publisher Guilford Press
Release Date2009-04-02
Genre Psychology
Pages 526
ISBN 9781606234037
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: For many years, addiction research focused almost exclusively on men. Yet scientific awareness of sex and gender differences in substance use disorders has grown tremendously in recent decades. This volume brings together leading authorities to review the state of the science and identify key directions for research and clinical practice. Concise, focused chapters illuminate how biological and psychosocial factors influence the etiology and epidemiology of substance use disorders in women; their clinical presentation, course, and psychiatric comorbidities; treatment access; and treatment effectiveness. Prevalent substances of abuse are examined, as are issues facing special populations.


The Book The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Addiction Psychopharmacology
The Author James MacKillop
The Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date2013-01-02
Genre Psychology
Pages 800
ISBN 9781118384367
Language English, Spanish, And French
The Book Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology
The Author Ming T. Tsuang
The Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date2011-03-25
Genre Medical
Pages 664
ISBN 9780470977408
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: The new edition of this critically praised textbook continues to provide the most comprehensive overview of the concepts, methods, and research advances in the field; particularly the application of molecular genomics and of neuroimaging. It has been revised and enhanced to capitalize on the strengths of the first and second editions while keeping it up-to-date with the field of psychiatry and epidemiology. This comprehensive publication now includes chapters on experimental epidemiology, gene-environment interactions, the use of case registries, eating disorders, suicide, childhood disorders and immigrant populations, and the epidemiology of a number of childhood disorders. As in the first and second editions, the objective is to provide a comprehensive, easy to understand overview of research methods for the non-specialist. The book is ideal for students of psychiatric epidemiology, psychiatric residents, general psychiatrists, and other mental health professionals. The book features a new editor, Peter Jones, from the University of Cambridge, who joins the successful US team of Ming Tsuang and Mauricio Tohen.


The Book Nicotine Psychopharmacology
The Author Jack E. Henningfield
The Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date2009-02-01
Genre Medical
Pages 544
ISBN 9783540692485
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: The fact that tobacco ingestion can affect how people feel and think has been known for millennia, placing the plant among those used spiritually, honori?cally, and habitually (Corti 1931; Wilbert 1987). However, the conclusion that nicotine - counted for many of these psychopharmacological effects did not emerge until the nineteenth century (Langley 1905). This was elegantly described by Lewin in 1931 as follows: “The decisive factor in the effects of tobacco, desired or undesired, is nicotine. . . ”(Lewin 1998). The use of nicotine as a pharmacological probe to und- stand physiological functioning at the dawn of the twentieth century was a landmark in the birth of modern neuropharmacology (Limbird 2004; Halliwell 2007), and led the pioneering researcher John Langley to conclude that there must exist some “- ceptive substance” to explain the diverse actions of various substances, including nicotine, when applied to muscle tissue (Langley 1905). Research on tobacco and nicotine progressed throughout the twentieth century, but much of this was from a general pharmacological and toxicological rather than a psychopharmacological perspective (Larson et al. 1961). There was some attention to the effects related to addiction, such as euphoria (Johnston 1941), tolerance (Lewin 1931), and withdrawal (Finnegan et al. 1945), but outside of research supported by the tobacco industry, addiction and psychopharmacology were not major foci for research (Slade et al. 1995; Hurt and Robertson 1998; Henning?eld et al. 2006; Henning?eld and Hartel 1999; Larson et al. 1961).


The Book Genetic Vulnerability to Cocaine Abuse in Rats Selectively Bred for Differential Saccharin Intake
The Author Andrew David Morgan
The Publisher
Release Date2005
Genre
Pages 264
ISBN MINN:31951P007896360
Language English, Spanish, And French
The Book Factors Influencing Vulnerability to Drug Abuse in Female Rats
The Author Erin Beth Larson
The Publisher
Release Date2006
Genre Drug abuse
Pages 344
ISBN MINN:31951P01074137I
Language English, Spanish, And French
The Book Problems of Drug Dependence
The Author College on Problems of Drug Dependence (U.S.). Scientific Meeting
The Publisher
Release Date2004
Genre Drug abuse
Pages
ISBN UOM:39015045495275
Language English, Spanish, And French
The Book NIDA Research Monograph
The Author
The Publisher
Release Date1976
Genre Drug abuse
Pages
ISBN COLUMBIA:HR01752812
Language English, Spanish, And French
The Book Diagnostic Issues in Substance Use Disorders
The Author Dr. John B. Saunders
The Publisher Amer Psychiatric Pub Incorporated
Release Date2007
Genre Medical
Pages 324
ISBN UOM:39015073923891
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: Inviting the help of colleagues worldwide, the concise Diagnostic Issues in Substance Use Disorders is part of the new series Advancing the Research Agenda for DSM-V. Its 19 chapters by an international group of experts are designed to stimulate questions that will help guide research related to the development of the next editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), with the goal of ensuring that the major substance use diagnoses represent the same condition in both references. They cover 10 major issues in three main sections: • Overarching issues relevant for the development of international diagnostic systems -- statistical modeling techniques and whether DSM-V should use categorical and/or dimensional diagnostic approaches; methods review, emphasizing new hybrid techniques for developing and testing diagnostic concepts; the need for separate clinical and research-oriented diagnostic criteria, incorporating both categorical and dimensional attributes; neurobiological changes characterizing substance dependence; the importance of cultural attributes in developing definitions of substance use disorders; and the history of the development of diagnostic systems and how to optimize the "crosswalk" between DSM and ICD.• Research questions more specific to the substance use disorders section of DSM -- comorbidity between substance use disorders and other psychiatric conditions, the relatively unique clinical course of substance-induced mental disorders and appropriate treatment approaches; the precision of the criteria and threshold for a diagnosis and how to improve them; the subtypes of substance use disorder, including how they have been derived and the extent to which they relate to neurobiological processes; the seemingly high prevalence of alcohol dependence in young people; suggested research questions to evaluate the application of diagnostic criteria to adolescents; and the specific psychoactive substances cannabis and nicotine.• Whether substance use disorders should be included in a broader section termed "addictive disorders" -- impulse-control disorders (especially pathological gambling and the advantages and disadvantages of adding it to the current substance use disorders section), identifying research opportunities regarding their assessment and neurocognitive and physiological bases, discussing the specifics of the research agenda and how it might be implemented, and presenting questions generated by the research agenda developmental process. This informative compendium distills the findings of a wealth of recent research and concludes with recommendations for exploiting research opportunities that promise to inform decisions regarding DSM-V and other classification systems. As such, it will prove invaluable for clinicians and researchers everywhere.


The Book The effects of ovarian hormones on responses to cocaine in Sprague Dawley rats
The Author Lisa R. Jackson
The Publisher
Release Date2004
Genre
Pages
ISBN UOM:39015058863047
Language English, Spanish, And French
The Book Speciation in Plants and Animals
The Author Richard J. Abbott
The Publisher
Release Date2008
Genre Hybridization
Pages 143
ISBN WISC:89098836950
Language English, Spanish, And French
The Book The Journal of Neuroscience
The Author
The Publisher
Release Date2009
Genre Neurology
Pages
ISBN NWU:35558005745217
Language English, Spanish, And French
The Book Brain Policy
The Author Robert H. Blank
The Publisher Georgetown University Press
Release Date1999-02-01
Genre Medical
Pages 208
ISBN 1589012798
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: Neural grafting, virtual reality, gene therapy, psychotropic drugs ... As startling new treatments emerge for disorders of the brain, new concerns are arising along with them. In the first book to examine the implications of the full range of revolutionary interventions now possible in the human brain, Robert H. Blank warns that while these new techniques may promise medical wonders, they also raise profound political questions. Our rapidly unfolding knowledge about the brain and the accompanying applications have three main policy dimensions: funding research initiatives, controlling individual use, and assessing social consequences. But underlying these aspects, Blank argues, are more disturbing issues that pose fundamental challenges to our conceptions of equality, autonomy, freedom, responsibility, and human nature itself. Brain Policy makes the key facts from the technical literature readily accessible to social scientists and general readers and points out the implications for our society. Blank first explains the structure and function of the nervous system and current theories of brain operation; he then assesses the uses and potential abuses of various intervention techniques. He identifies the public policy issues raised by discoveries in the neurosciences and calls for intensified scrutiny of the advantages and disadvantages of new technologies. Warning that the risks and dangers of the dramatic developments in neuroscience are potentially large, Blank offers a means of understanding these scientific advances and the philosophical and political issues they entail. This book will be of interest to social scientists, policy analysts, policy makers, bioethicists, scientists who want to see the bigger picture, and the informed reader with an interest in the implications of neuroscience for themselves and society.


The Book Women Work and Health
The Author Marianne Frankenhaeuser
The Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date2012-12-06
Genre Medical
Pages 271
ISBN 9781461537120
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: Until recently, studies of women's health received scant research attention in the context of the overall magnitude of research conducted on health. Even for health issues that affect both men and women, most research has been limited to male subjects, leaving a large gap in our knowledge base concerning women's health. Finally, the decade of the 1990s is ushering in a shift in this inequity. In 1990 the U.S. National Institutes of Health issued a compelling report citing the lack of sufficient research on women's health as a major gap in our knowledge, and a mandate has been issued to add women as study subjects in research or to document why they have not been included. Such directives will undoubtedly lead to a much-needed burgeoning of research activities in the area of women's health as we approach the twenty-first century. Despite limited research resources, however, there have been steady, scientifically rigorous voices in the wilderness for the last several years, and many of the best investigators are represented in this volume. These workers have led the vanguard in exploring psychosocial factors that are likely to differentially affect women's and men's health. For example, women and men engage in social roles that often differ, if not in quantity, then certainly in quality. Sex differences in role expectations, environmen tal qualities, role burdens related to the domains of work and family, and abilities to adapt to and cope with stressful situations may have a distinctive impact on health.


The Book Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research 2011 Edition
The Author
The Publisher ScholarlyEditions
Release Date2012-01-09
Genre Science
Pages 5106
ISBN 9781464963353
Language English, Spanish, And French

READING: Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological and Life Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological and Life Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.


The Book Psychopharmacology Bulletin
The Author
The Publisher
Release Date1991
Genre Psychopharmacology
Pages
ISBN UCSC:32106013902181
Language English, Spanish, And French
The Book How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking Attributable Disease A Report of the Surgeon General 2010
The Author
The Publisher
Release Date2011*
Genre
Pages
ISBN MINN:31951D03162870X
Language English, Spanish, And French